Organization Design for Dynamic Fit: A Review and Projection

Mark Nissen

Abstract


The concept of fit is central to organization design. In the organizational literature, fit historically has been portrayed as a static concept. Both organizations and their environments, however, are continually changing, so a valid concept of fit needs to reflect organizational dynamics. In this article, I analyze various theoretical perspectives and studies that relate to organizational fit, differentiating those that employ an equilibrating or a fluxing approach. Four substantive themes emerge from this analysis: design orientation, design tension, designer/manager roles, and measurement and validation. Implications of each of these themes for dynamic fit are derived, and promising future research directions are discussed.


Keywords


organization design; organizational fit; dynamic fit; organizational alignment; misfit

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7146/jod.8196

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ISSN: 2245-408X

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